Mississippi Troops

About 100,000 Mississippian men fought in the American Civil War, on both Confederate and Union sides.

Confederate Troops

About 80,000 white Mississippian men fought for the Confederacy, including militia, state troops, and local guards.

Union Troops

About 500 white Mississippian men, and over 17,000 African American slaves and freedmen, fought for the Union.

African American Troops

African American slaves and freedmen from Mississippi fought for both the Confederacy and the Union, voluntarily or under duress. On the Union side, over 17,000 men joined the United States Colored Troops, precursors of the famed "Buffalo Soldiers." In the Confederacy, African American slaves were mainly employed to do manual labor and serve white officers and soldiers.

Information on African American fighters is not always easy to find, since few were able to leave diaries or other written records. Read more about Mississippi's African American troops:

Native American Troops

The Confederacy actively recruited Native Americans for military service beginning in 1862. Any who enlisted were promised "Fifty Dollars Bounty, clothes, arms, camp equipage...[and] Enfield Rifles"; however, they actually received very little support. Still, Mississippi's Choctaw Battalion, organized by General Arnold Span in February 1963, executed a heroic rescue of Confederate soldiers trapped in a train wreck near Hickory, MS, saving 23 men.

Read more about Mississippi's Native American troops: